A Brief Guide About Fusion Splicing of Fiber Optics

Fiber optics are used to transmit data through light signals. The thin strands of glass are bound together in a tube that forms the fiber optics. Fiber optics come in different lengths and are used for multiple purposes. They are the main cable source used for internet and other telecommunication services in well-developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates.

The fiber optic cables do not always come with the ideal or required length. In such a scenario, the users need to connect two cables together in such a way that they ensure seamless data transmission without any loss. The process of connecting two fiber cables is called splicing. Generally, there are two types of splicing.

  1. Fusion splicing
  2. Mechanical splicing

Difference between Mechanical and Fusion Splicing

Mechanical and fusion splicing are quite different from each other. Mechanical splicing just requires connecting the two cables and binding them together by the use of adhesive. It does not require any electric or heat mechanism.

On the other hand, fusion splicing is done by removing the jackets, protective coating, and tubes from the fiber. After that, the fiber optics are melt and fused together with the help of an electric or heat signal.

Scroll down this article to explore a detailed guide about fusion splicing of fiber optic cables.

Top 4 Steps of Performing Fusion Splicing

Splicing the fiber optic cables is an important need, as the users may not be able to get an ideal length of cable. The splicing process enables them to create the ideal length instead of looking for alternative means. An important reason for not using alternative measures is that they cannot provide the same quality of data transmission as supported by fiber optics.

Fusion splicing of fiber optics should be done carefully while following all the steps of the process in order to enjoy a seamless connection. Here are the most crucial steps of performing fusion splicing, any of which should never be skipped.

1.    Prepare

You cannot just randomly splice two parts of fiber optic cables by the process of fusion. It requires proper preparation to make the splicing not only everlasting but also highly effective.So, in the preparation process of fiber optic cables for fusion splicing, you need to remove all the fiber’s outer coatings, covers, and jackets.

The step should be performed with professional skill and care. If the fiber optic receives any cut or scratch, the cable will become useless. Moreover, ensuring safety from dust particles is also crucial to ensure a smooth connection. Due to such minute details, most people hire the service of fiber optic cable Dubai based companies to ensure proper and professional splicing hic does not compromise the quality of the signal.

2.    Cleave

The next step in the process of fusion splicing of fiber optic cables is cleaving. Cleaving is often confused with cutting; however, the two are very different. Moreover, cutting the fiber optic will not serve the purpose, so you have to cleave it to enjoy a seamless connection.

Cleaving means scoring and flexing fiber optics to the point that naturally breaks. It should also be perpendicular to the same extent. For cleaving, you need a high-quality cleaver that can create perfect perpendicular fiber optics that can connect without any issue.

3.    Fuse

The third step of the fusion splicing process of fiber optic cable is fusing the two cleaved fiber optic cables. However, before that, you need to align all the glass strands of fiber optic with each other in the perfect manner. They should be merged and seem like one.

Once you are satisfied with aligning of fiber optics, melt the strands with the help of a high voltage electric arc and fuse them together. The process is necessary to achieve the exact positioning of the glass strands, which will then lead to smooth transmission of light signals with minimum distortion.

4.    Protect

The fusion splicing process is not done as soon as you melt and fuse the glass strands. So, do not leave it here, as it will cause issues at later stages. You need to perform the last step of protection essentially. During this step, you can use silicone gel or heat shrink tubing to protect the splice.

If you do not perform this step, the splice will get damaged during bending or movement. It will then undermine the quality of the signal. To ensure professional splicing, you can hire the service of fiber optic cable Dubai based companies and get fusion or even mechanical splicing according to your need and enjoy smooth and fast data transmission without any signal loss.

Which one is better? Mechanical or fusion splicing!

Professionals often promote fusion splicing as more firm, authentic, and of high quality. On the other hand, mechanical splicing is not much effective as it does not ensure a proper connection between two cables. You can also consult the experts about the best splicing option according to your need and requirement. So, ask their opinion and get perfect splicing, which will boost the quality of your signal.

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